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Implied and stated

Page history last edited by Bradley Grant 6 years, 9 months ago


How To Find the Stated Main Idea from http://testprep.about.com

  1. Read the passage of text
  2. Ask this question to yourself: "What is this passage about?"
  3. In your own words, explain the answer in one short sentence.
  4. Look for a sentence in the text that most closely fits with your summary.


Stated Main Idea Example:
Because the Internet exists in a world that is already regulated with policies and laws, government officials, upholders of current laws and the voice of the people, should be ultimately responsible for the regulation of the Internet. With this responsibility comes the enormous task of managing the protection of First Amendment rights along with honoring social and public interests across the world. That being said, the ultimate responsibility still rests in the hands of Internet users who vote – they, along with the officials elected to serve them, make up the global community. Voters have the ability to elect responsible individuals to the appropriate posts, and the elected officials have the responsibility to act on the will of the people..


The main idea here is "…government officials…should be ultimately responsible for the regulation of the Internet." That is a stated main idea because it is directly written in the text, and it full encapsulates the passage's meaning as a whole.



How To Find the Implied Main Idea from http://testprep.about.com

  1. Read the passage of text
  2. Ask this question to yourself: "What do each of the details of the passage have in common?"
  3. In your own words, find the common bond among all the details of the passage and the author's point about this bond.
  4. Compose a short sentence stating the bond and what the author says about the bond.


Step 1: Read the Implied Main Idea Example:
When you're with your friends, it's okay to be loud and use slang. They'll expect it and they aren't grading you on your grammar. When you're standing in a boardroom or sitting for an interview, you should use your best English possible, and keep your tone suitable to the working environment. Try to gauge the personality of the interviewer and the setting of the workplace before cracking jokes or speaking out of turn. If you're ever in a position to speak publicly, always ask about your audience, and modify your language, tone, pitch and topic based on what you think the audience's preferences would be. You'd never give a lecture about atoms to third-graders!


Step 2: What's the Common Thread?

In this case, the author is writing about hanging out with friends, going on an interview, and speaking publicly, which, at first glance, don't seem to relate to each other that much. If you find a common bond among all them, though, you'll see that the author is giving you different situations and then telling us to speak differently in each setting (use slang with friends, be respectful and quiet in an interview, modify your tone publicly). The common bond is speaking, which will have to be part of the implied main idea.


Step 3. Summarize the Passage

A sentence like "Different situations requires different kinds of speech" would fit perfectly as the implied main idea of that passage. We had to infer that because the sentence doesn't appear anywhere in the paragraph. But it was easy enough to find this implied main idea when you looked at the common bond uniting each idea.

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